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Created in 1840, Benton County, located in the northwestern part of Indiana, is just one of the country’s premier areas

Created in 1840, Benton County, located in the northwestern part of Indiana, is just one of the country’s premier areas

“The new Nigger Mountain” Exodus and you may Conflict Told by Regional Historian” (Undated newsprint post; possess an enthusiastic Editor’s Notice- “So it report is actually realize by the George Pence before a shared appointment of Bartholomew County Historic Area and also the Household Literary Pub kept inside the prize at the Donner Park, July 30 1927.”)

“Very early Records out of African People in america in Bartholomew Condition, Indiana.” [Some of these content duplicated getting Bartholomew Condition EAASHI enterprise data, Summer 2014]

Robbins, Coy D. “Black Agreements within the Indiana Affiliated with the latest African Methodist Episcopal Church 1840-1845,” as the typed from the African Methodist Episcopal Church Mag, George Hogarth, ed. (Gathered off Moments, Indiana Yearly Fulfilling, African Methodist Chapel, 1840-1845.)

It boasted of getting the best and greatly fertile prairie homes (VanNatta). According to the very early censuses, there had been no African Us americans staying in Benton State of 1840 compliment of 1870. Within the 1880, there had been 6 somebody, all the solitary individuals from Kentucky, Indiana and you will Illinois, whoever surnames have been Corington, Curtes, Shelby and Grain. It worked given that ranch laborers, housekeepers and you can barbers. Audrey Werle’s look to your African People in america given zero studies to possess Benton Condition, there are zero proof an outlying settlement or society off African Us citizens.


Audrey C. Werle “Search Cards with the Indiana African american Background,” M 792, William Henry Smith Memorial Library, Indiana Historical People, Indianapolis, Indiana

New 19th century Dark colored population from inside the Blackford County try minimal. Inside the 1840 this new government census expressed all in all, thirteen totally free people of colour staying in new state delivered as follows: Arizona Township, populace 2; Slurping Township, populace 1; and Harrison Township, society ten. The latest 10 somebody into the Harrison Township lived in just one home headed by the Jefferson Mountain. The family provided 2 guys around 10; 3 guys ten so you can 23; step one male 36-52; dos female 10 to help you 23; step one female 24 to 35; and step one feminine 55 so you’re able to 99.

During the 1850 the general black colored populace from the county fell in order to eleven with 7 individuals remaining in Slurping Township and you can four someone residing in Harrison Township. The Jefferson Slope family was gone out-of Blackford State. It might come it relocated east across the state range so you’re able to nearby Jay County, Penn Township. By the 1850 Jefferson Hill, a good Virginia native try an effective 56-year-old character. All of those other household integrated Delilah Slope, age forty, created in the Ohio, three Mountain people produced when you look at the Indiana (Henderson, many years nine; Eliza, ages 6; and you may Lydia, ages step 3). The other members of the household have been Sally Hill, ages 24, produced in Virginia; James Mountain, years 19, created within the Kansas; and you may Sibba Hill, many years 83, created inside the Virginia.

Jefferson Slope was still farming, and Sibby (Sibba) Mountain was still real time at the 102! This was on the a good twenty-12 months decades difference on the early in the day census.

Inside 1870 discover a total of 14 African People in the us when you look at the Blackford County the residing in Slurping Township. Audrey Werle’s 1870 Index away from Brains away from Domiciles lists the following names: Larenzo Brooks, a 30 something barber; Environmentally friendly Rodgers, 34; and you may James E. Frazier, thirty-six, the second a couple of who work with this new railroad.

During the 1860 new Slope family was still residing in Penn Township, Jay Condition, in the a somewhat some other setup

From the upcoming years, there’s proof racial isolation in the county. First, from the 1920s the brand new Ku-klux Klan mainly based a strong visibility in the condition. Masked and you will robed participants participated in high public rallies. Second, upon the 1940 death of this new well Ontario, OH brides agency respected government and you may head engineer within an excellent corrugated report company, George Stevens, citizens regarding Hartford City was in fact “numb having wonder” to discover that the fresh recognized person in the community wasn’t white.

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